Community Health Assessment
The Community Health Assessment (CHA) and Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) are road maps that help define the health of the community, identify strategic priorities for community health improvement and highlight assets and resources that are in place to help make those improvements.
The Health Department conducts a CHA every five years. We are actively working on the next phase of our future community health assessments!
Additional community health assessment documents and reports
Links to Individual Sections of the Document
Community Health Assessment
Priority Health Issues (Updated 2014)
- Introduction (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Access to Care (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Obesity (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Mental Health (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Substance Abuse (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Perinatal Health (PDF)
- Priority Health Issue - Vaccine Preventable Diseases (PDF)
- Next Steps (PDF)
- Appendix (PDF)
Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) Summary
View the HIP Survey Database.
How many Washtenaw County residents smoke? How often do we exercise? How many children in our community have asthma?
The data for these questions and many more are available from the HIP survey. Every five years the Washtenaw County Health Improvement Plan (HIP) survey is conducted in our community. In 2015, over 2,900 adults were interviewed. Learn more about who took the 2015 HIP Survey and how the survey was conducted (PDF).
Participants in the HIP survey were chosen based on a random-digit dial sample (cell phones were included in 2015). Survey responses are weighted to reflect the demographic characteristics of Washtenaw County. The data are also available by region of the County and many of the questions can be viewed on a map.
Most of the questions in the Washtenaw HIP survey are based on the Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS), so local data can be directly compared to state and national data.
Who Funded the HIP Survey?
The 2005, 2010, and 2015 HIP surveys were made possible by a collaborative community effort. The following organizations funded the surveys:
- Washtenaw County Health Department (2005 and 2010 and 2015)
- University of Michigan Health System (2005 and 2010 and 2015)
- Saint Joseph Mercy Health System (2005 and 2010 and 2015)
- Chelsea Community Hospital (2005 and 2010 and 2015)
- Chelsea Wellness Foundation (2010 and 2015)
- Thompson-Reuters (2010)
- Pfizer (2005)
- Washtenaw United Way (2005 and 2010 and 2015)
The Encuesta Buenos Vecinos (EBV), or Good Neighbors Survey, is Washtenaw County's first, comprehensive Latino health survey. It is the result of an innovative, multiyear collaboration with the Latino community.
Over 500 Washtenaw County Latinos participated in face-to-face, group and Internet surveys. Data suggest that Washtenaw County Latinos have poorer overall health status, less access to health care and greater overweight rates than Washtenaw County residents as a whole. Compared to Washtenaw County residents, Latinos were more likely to rate their own health as "fair" and, on average, reported a greater number of poor physical health days and poor mental health days per month.
The Community Leadership Team shared results with Latino community members and identified ten priority issues for action:
- Lack of community organization
- Lack of parental attention, guidance and involvement
- Lack of physical activity
- Low level of education
- Poor nutritional habits
- Poor vision and dental care
- Substance abuse
See the data for yourself in our Encuesta Buenos Vecinos/Latino Health Survey Database.
A report that describes the process, results and future goals of the project is also available in English and Spanish:
- English (PDF) "Latino Health Equity is Essential for Washtenaw County Health, Well-Being and Prosperity: The Washtenaw County Encuesta Buenos Vecinos Collaboration"
- Español (PDF) "Equidad en Salud para Latinos es Esencial para la Salud, el Bienestar y la Prosperidad de Condado de Washtenaw: Encuesta Colaborativa Buenos Vecinos del Condado de Washtenaw"
The Community Leadership Team continues to share results and plan new projects with the message that the Latino community in Washtenaw County is young and growing - and contributing positively to our community as a whole. Greater opportunities and health improvements for Latinos benefit everyone.
Survey findings are fueling new community interventions:
- The Jovenes Tejejores de Sociedad 3D (Young Weavers Society 3D) is a youth development and leadership program aimed at addressing the barriers that prevent Latino adolescents from graduating high school. Community Leadership Team members initiated the project in partnership with Ypsilanti Community Schools.
- In addition, the Washtenaw County Health Department is working with Growing Hope, Ypsilanti Community Schools, and Washtenaw Community College to bring a farmers' market on wheels to Latino neighborhoods in Washtenaw County.
"As a result of being involved with the EBV, I have gained better understanding of the struggles Latinos face and the opportunities for sharing resources and energies the Latino community brings to our community," says Charo Ledón, co-principal investigator and community advocate.
We are grateful to the Washtenaw County Latino community for its support and participation.
The Community Leadership Team includes:
- Glenda Flores
- Charo Ledón
- Kate Lemler
- Mikel Llanes
- Mollison Morgan
- Felipe Riaño
- Leonardo Riaño
Organizational partners include Casa Latina, the University of Michigan School of Public Health and the Washtenaw County Health Department.
The team looks forward to continuing its work with the community under the motto, "The Future is in our Hands." See what participants had to say about the survey in "The Final Word from our Good Neighbors about the Encuesta Buenos Vecinos."