Monkeypox Vaccine

Last updated: 8/16/22

If you think you may have been exposed, or if you have symptoms of monkeypox, avoid others (including pets) and contact your health care provider right away for evaluation and testing. If you don't have insurance or a health care provider, call the Health Department at 734-544-6700.

Monkeypox (MPV) vaccine basics

  • Monkeypox vaccine can be an effective tool to help prevent disease before exposure or make it less severe after exposure. 
  • Vaccine supplies are currently very limited in Michigan. Because of this, vaccines are prioritized for those who have been exposed, as well as those who meet certain priority criteria. Additionally, only the first of the two-dose vaccine series can be given at this time.
  • CDC recommends that the vaccine be given within 4 days from the date of a confirmed exposure for the best chance to prevent disease. If given between 4 and 14 days after exposure, vaccination may reduce symptoms but may not prevent disease. Vaccines are not available to those who have already been diagnosed with monkeypox.
  • Monkeypox vaccine can also be used to help prevent disease before exposure ("PrEP"). Currently, due to a limited supply, vaccine is only available locally to those who have been exposed or who meet specific priority criteria. We are not able to give preventative vaccines at this time.

Who can get a monkeypox vaccine right now?

Please note that the state has expanded eligibility for who can get a monkeypox vaccine. We are in the process of updating our procedures and will update this page next week (the week of 8/15) with more information. Online scheduling will be available. MPV risk to the general public remains low: vaccines will continue to be for individuals at higher risk for MPV and individuals who have been exposed. 

For now, please see the blue box below for eligibility information.

You can get a monkeypox vaccine from the Health Department if you are 18+ years old, live in Washtenaw County, and:

You were exposed to monkeypox within the last 14 days (you had close physical contact with someone who was diagnosed with monkeypox) 

OR 

  • Individuals engaged in any type of sex work. 
  • Partners of individuals who engage in higher-risk sexual activities. 
  • Close/household contacts of individuals who have been exposed to MPV or engaged in higher-risk activities. 
  • Men who have sex with men and have a history of STI in the last year. 
  • Individuals who plan to have multiple sex partners. 
  • Individuals who plan to have close contact at a high-risk event or high-risk venue
  • Individuals taking HIV PreP or those living with HIV. 

See more about statewide priorities in the Michigan MPV Vaccine Strategy at Michigan.gov/MPV.

If you do not meet this criteria, you are not currently eligible for a monkeypox vaccine. As more doses become available, vaccine availability may expand further. We will share updates here as we have them.

We can only give monkeypox vaccine to Washtenaw County residents. If you live in a different county, please contact your local health department for more information. If you are a student attending college in Washtenaw County who lives in on or off campus housing, you can get a monkeypox vaccine from us (even if your permanent address is outside of Washtenaw).

I'm eligible for monkeypox vaccine. How do I make an appointment?

If you meet the above criteria, call the Health Department at 734-544-6700. Please leave a message if prompted and staff will call you back. Our nurses will ask you a few questions about your exposure or risk before scheduling your appointment. 

Why are you only giving first doses?

Jynneos is the main vaccine being distributed. It is a two-dose vaccine with typically four weeks between the first and second doses. Protection starts to build in the days and weeks after the first dose and you are considered "fully vaccinated"  two weeks after the second dose. 

Since supply is so limited, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services guidance strives to utilize all doses of vaccine as soon as they become available to help mitigate spread. Because of this, only first doses will be given at this time. Second doses will be provided once additional vaccine is available to do so. You will be contacted when second doses become available. Be sure to check this page for updates.

Vaccine distribution information

The national supply of vaccine for monkeypox is currently limited, although more is expected later in the summer and into the fall. Criteria for receiving vaccine is set by CDC and based on the number of cases in an area. The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services then allocates vaccine across the state. 

The Washtenaw County Health Department is a regional monkeypox vaccine distribution hub. This means we will receive vaccine both to administer and to distribute to other local health departments. Other hubs include Detroit and Oakland, Kent, Kalamazoo, Ingham, Genesee, and Grand Traverse counties.

As of 7/27/22, we have received our initial allocation of 494 doses and are working to distribute and administer these doses. These doses are not just for Washtenaw County and have to be shared with other counties in Southeast Michigan.

We are also connecting with health care providers and local community organizations who reach those who may be at higher risk for infection. This approach aims to help slow the spread of the disease, particularly for people who may have been exposed but may not have symptoms yet.