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The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has confirmed one case of measles in Washtenaw County as of April 8, 2019. Washtenaw County Health Department is providing additional information to local residents because of potential exposure to measles in public areas. Measles is very contagious, potentially serious and vaccine preventable. The case is part of the larger Michigan outbreak.
Everyone is encouraged to check and update their measles vaccination, if needed. Anyone at any of the following Washtenaw County locations during the dates and times provided should monitor themselves for rash with fever or other symptoms consistent with measles for 21 days. If you suspect measles, seek immediate medical treatment. Residents are urged to call their doctor or emergency room before arriving so they can take precautions to prevent exposure to other individuals. Please do not contact the businesses listed below for information.
Known exposure locations in Oakland County are available at www.oakgov.com/health. There are no public exposure sites for the Wayne County case.
Because measles can be spread through the air by an infected person, Washtenaw County Health Department is alerting the public to the potential exposures. A person with measles is contagious for four days before and four days after the rash appears. An individual who was in the same location up to two hours after an individual contagious with measles is considered potentially exposed.
Vaccine given within 72 hours of exposure can prevent illness. Immune globulin (Ig) treatment is effective within six days of exposure for high-risk individuals. Talk to your healthcare provider to determine if immune globulin is right for you. You cannot get measles from the vaccine.
The Washtenaw County Health Department is hosting walk-in vaccination clinics at 555 Towner Street in Ypsilanti at the following times:
If you have Medicaid or Blue Cross Blue Shield insurance, or are uninsured or under-insured, and do not have proof of being vaccinated or having measles in the past, there will be no cost to you for the MMR vaccine. Please bring your insurance card. If you have another form of private insurance, contact your healthcare provider for the vaccine.
Having two doses of MMR vaccine at least 28 days apart is fully protective. Having only one dose of MMR vaccine is approximately 93 percent protective. The first dose is routinely given to children after their first birthday. Vaccination is not necessary if an individual has a prior history of measles illness. Individuals born before 1957 are assumed to have natural immunity, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
If exposed, approximately 90 percent of people who have NOT been vaccinated or previously had measles will develop the disease.
If you do not have a record of two documented measles (MMR) vaccines, or if you are unsure if you have been vaccinated or have had measles in the past, contact your healthcare provider about getting vaccinated. The MMR vaccine is available through primary health care providers and at some local pharmacies. You can also contact the Washtenaw County Health Department at 734-544-6700.
Measles (rubeola) is an extremely contagious disease caused by the measles virus. Measles can cause complications such as pneumonia and encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). Measles can also cause miscarriages or premature delivery in pregnant women.
Symptoms usually begin 7-14 days after exposure, but can appear as long as 21 days after exposure. If symptoms develop, do not visit your doctor, urgent care or emergency room unless you call ahead so they can take precautions to prevent exposure to other individuals.
Measles is easily spread by person-to-person direct contact and airborne spread of droplets from the nose, throat, and mouth through sneezing, coughing, and speaking. A person can be infected with measles just by being in a room with an infected person, even up to 2 hours after the infected person has left.
Measles can be spread 4 days before developing the rash through 4 days after the rash appears. Measles is highly contagious.